ESPN 50th Annual Meeting

ESPN 2017


 
Viral infections after renal transplantation in Bulgarian children
POLINA MITEVA 1 DIMITAR ROUSSINOV 1

1- UNIVERSITY PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL, MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, SOFIA
 
Introduction:

Viral infections are common problem in pediatric patients after kidney transplantation (Tx).

Material and methods:

The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the frequency of the most important viral infections after Tx. In period of 10 years (2007-2016) we followed 22 children, 14 boys and 8 girls after renal Tx. They were from 2 to 17 years old and follow up time was from 1 to 10 years.

Results:

Of them 10 (45,5%) have never had viral infections. In 11(50%) patients CMV infection was registered by PCR, in 4 (18,2%) EBV, in 1 (5%) BKV, 2 (9%) have had Varicella disease, 1 (5%) acute hepatitis B, 1 (5%) chronic anemia, due to Parvo virus B19 infection and in 1 (5%) JCV was detected in renal biopsy. More than one viral infection was seen in 7 (32%) patients.

Conclusions:

Various viral infections were observed in Bulgarian children after renal Tx. Although almost half of them have never had, one third had more than one. The most frequent was CMV, affecting half of the patients.